- Anointing of the Sick,
- Marriage and
- Holy Order.
Baptism "Go, therefore, and make disciples in all the nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" (Mt. 28,19). "The who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned" (Mk. 16.16) Baptism is the sacrament that makes us officially Christian. No it is not allowed to take the other sacraments. It is the rebirth by water and the Holy Spirit, who makes that let us be simple creatures and we become children of God. Baptism gives us the sanctifying grace to become People of God, members of the Mystical Body, which is the Church. For that the Baptism is valid it is necessary to have the matter, which is the water; the form, which are the words: "guy, I baptise you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit"; and the intention, that means to desire, have faith and stay faithful to the Mystical Body of God, which is the Church. It is the priest who performs the Baptism, being this one of its functions, but there is a need (in the case of serious illness, the risk of death), any Christian can baptize, enough to have the intention, use the subject and comment form. Remember that it is not he who baptizes, nor the act of using the water and decide the shape, which will save your soul. This is a mode ritualístico and penitential, established in the Holy Bible. Said John the Baptist: "I verily baptise you with water for repentance" (Mt 3, 11). Who baptizes truly is Christ and that saves is the descent of the Holy Spirit, which makes them sons and daughters of God; it is the diving in divine fire; it is the revival of Christ that is within us. "It is who I baptize, but with the Holy Spirit and with fire" (Mt 3,12).
Confirmation Confirmation is the Sacrament that confirms the Baptism, so also if call Confirmation, because it renews its promises. Baptism and Confirmation print character indestructible; why are Sacraments that can be received only once in life. This Sacrament gives to those who have been baptised by decision outside the opportunity, before the Church, confirm the commitments made by other people on your behalf, in your Baptism. Thus, confirms its desire to be a member of the Christian family, the Church and to reaffirm those commitments, after having reached the "age of reason". The Minister of Confirmation is the Bishop; however, there may be a Father by apostolic delegation. The Bishop is to proceed to the Confirmation, by imposing the right hand upon the head of the confirm and and outlines with your thumb (soaked in Oil of Holy Chrism) the Signal-to-the-Cross on his forehead saying: 'So, I I the Signal-of-Cross and you confirm with the Chrism of salvation, in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit". Then beat them lightly on the face, saying: peace be with you.The Matter of Confirmation is the Oil of Chrism, blessed by the Bishop, in mass of Holy Thursday.
Eucharist Then Jesus took the cup, gave thanks to God and said: "Take this and share among you; ( ... )" The following, Jesus took bread, gave thanks to God, broke it, and gave to them, saying: "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me." After supper, Jesus did the same with the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is shed for you. ( ... )" (Lk. 22: 17-19 -20). The Eucharist is the sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ and must be renewed at least once a week, in Sunday Mass, because it is Christ himself in the form of Bread and Wine, that is present in our midst. The Eucharist is the sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ and must be renewed at least once a week, in Sunday Mass, because it is Christ himself in the form of Bread and Wine, that is present in our midst. On the occasion of the celebration of Easter, the eve of the Death of Jesus, according to the usual, He and his disciples, if they put on the table for the Holy Paschal Supper. It is at this point that Jesus institutes the sacrament of the Eucharist. There are two important aspects to observe, when Jesus instituted this Sacrament. The First aspect is that the Eucharist is a sacrament of Communion (common union), not only with Christ, but also between the disciples, when Jesus says: "Take this and share among yourselves". It is clear that it is a sacrament collective, that is why it is carried out, at the time of fraternal meeting, celebration and community prayer, i.e. in Mass; The Second aspect with regard to the consecration of the Bread and Wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus, to redeem us from sin. Jesus said: "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me." and "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is shed for you". These words are spoken at the moment the main Mass. Jesus Christ bequeathed to the apostles the power to consecrate, when he said: "Do this in remembrance of me."
Penance "Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. In fact, if you forgive men the evils that they did, the Father of you that is in heaven also forgive you. But, if you do not forgive men, the Father of you does not forgive the wrongs you have done". (Mt. 6:12-14 -15) Penance is a sacrament established by Jesus Christ, giving power to his Apostles and Disciples to forgive sins, whose right outside accorded to Bishops and Priests. Jesus said: "Receive the Holy Spirit. The sins of those who you forgive, they are forgiven. The sins of those that you do not forgive, they are forgiven; if' " (Jn 20:22-23). To be forgiven of their sins, simply the penitent will repent of the evil which he practiced and become, taking firm purpose of amendment. The Catholic Church CC0fEW doesn't use the "Auricular Confession," admits only the repentance of sins, without mentioning them to the priest, making it directly to God, and it is necessary, however, the absolution of the Priest, for disciplinary action. If we want to actually get the forgiveness of God, it is also necessary to look at the teachings of Jesus when he taught us to pray by asking forgiveness of our debts to the extent that we forgive our debtors, because it is not possible for us to be forgiven if we do not forgive our brothers.
Anointing of the Sick This Sacrament was promulgated by the Apostle James (Lower) through his Epistle: "Anyone of you is sick? Please call the priests of the Church to pray for him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. The prayer of faith will save the sick: the Lord shall raise him up, and if he has sins will be forgiven" (James 5:14-15). The Sacrament of Extreme unction," tends to be administered to a patient who is seriously ill. The Priest anoints the sick person on the forehead with the oil of the sick, making prayers and saying the following words: "By this anointing, the Lord forgive all the sins you committed". If the sick healed, when you have another disease, you will be administered again to Extreme unction,".
Holy Orders is the sacrament by which a man is made a bishop, a priest, or a deacon, and thus dedicated to be an image of Christ. The three degrees are referred to as the episcopate, the presbyterate and the diaconate. A bishop is the minister of this sacrament. Ordination as a bishop confers the fullness of the sacrament, making the bishop a member of the body of successors of the Apostles, and giving him the mission to teach, sanctify, and govern, along with the care of all the Churches. Ordination as a priest configures the priest to Christ the Head of the Church and the one essential High Priest, and conferring on him the power, as the bishops' assistant, to celebrate the sacraments and other liturgical acts, especially the Eucharist. Ordination as a deacon configures the deacon to Christ the Servant of All, placing him at the service of the bishop, especially in the Church's exercising of Christian charity towards the poor and preaching of the word of God.
Marriage "For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife; and the two shall become one flesh. This mystery is great: I am referring to Christ and the Church. Therefore, each one of you love his wife as himself, and let the wife see that she respects her husband." (Ephesians 5:31-33). Marriage is a union between a man and a woman, whose primary purpose is procreation. It was God who established this law, when he created our first parents: "Be fruitful and multiply" (Gen 1:22). It is a sacrament differently than others because, theologically, the bride and groom are the Ministers, Subject Matter and Form; the Priest is only a witness, invoking the blessings of God for that union. The Marriage should be for life, but if the spouses break, in the form of Law, the marriage bond, the marriage will be dissolved, which is why the Catholic Church home Brazilian people legally divorced so that they have a new opportunity to have a married life blessed by God.St Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop and Doctor of the Church, who presided over the Council of Ephesus, ponders that adultery dissolves completely the Marriage. St John Chrysostom, Bishop and Doctor of the Church, tends to the same opinion. Soon, once dissolved the Marriage by the ministers themselves, the situation being legalized, these may contract a new marriage in the Church. Holy Orders "Follow me and I will make you fishers of men" (Mt. 4:19). "Go to the deeper water and let down the nets for a catch" (Lk. 5:4). The Order is a Sacrament that prints indelible character, either to the Diaconate, priesthood or Episcopate. Only a Bishop consecrated can confer this Sacrament, whose essential part is the imposition of hands on the head of the ordinand, doing-the Minister of God from that moment. The aspiring should submit to the Parish Priests or Diocesan Bishops, with the application expressing his desire to follow in the Ordained Ministry, according to the terms of the regulations (canonical Laws) of CCofEW
As stated, the effect of the sacraments comes ex opere operato (by the very fact of being administered). Since it is Christ who works through them, their effectiveness does not depend on the worthiness of the minister. The belief that the validity of the sacrament is dependent upon the holiness of the administrator was rejected in the Donatist crisis.
However, an apparent administration of a sacrament is invalid, if the person acting as minister does not have the necessary power (as if a deacon were to celebrate Mass). They are also invalid if the required "matter" or "form" is lacking. The matter is the perceptible material object, such as water in baptism or wheaten bread and grape wine for the Eucharist, or the visible action. The form is the verbal statement that specifies the signification of the matter, such as, (in the Western Church), "N., I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit". Furthermore, if the minister positively excludes some essential aspect of the sacrament, the sacrament is invalid. This last condition lies behind the 1896 judgement of the Holy See denying the validity of Anglican Orders.
Obvious claimed cases are administration of a sacrament by a priest under a penalty of excommunication or suspension, and an episcopal ordination without a mandate from the Pope.